BSc Agriculture: Career Prospects, Syllabus, Scope, and Salary
BSc Agriculture Career and Prospects: BSc Agriculture program is to train students to improve agriculture productivity, manage products and pave way for future developments through research activities. BSc.
Agriculture course deals with agricultural science and its allied areas. Do you wish to have a career in Agriculture? If yes, then read this article carefully for information on BSc Agriculture Career Prospects, Syllabus, Scope, and Salary.
What is agricultural science all about, you may ask. This branch of science deals with boosting agricultural productivity through principles of biology, science, technology, etc.
BSc Agriculture is an undergraduate course that focuses mainly on agricultural science. The course duration of BSc Agriculture is 4 years.
This degree deals with disciplines like- Agricultural Microbiology, Soil Science, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology, Food Microbiology, etc.
The eligibility criteria for the BSc Agriculture course are 12th from a recognized board having Physics, Chemistry, Biology /Mathematics as mandatory subjects.
Since Agriculture is the backbone of our country, there will be an evergreen job scope for the BSc Agriculture course in India. Agricultural officer, Agriculture Research Scientist, Agricultural Analyst are some of the popular jobs one can get after completion of the BSc Agriculture course.
Admission to Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
The application forms for the admission are made available in the months of May and June every year as per Academics. Admission to BSc Agriculture is done basically in 2 modes.
One is by scoring good marks in Examination which is a direct Admission and the other is getting qualified in a written exam conducted by the university. For the admission, the Universities grant merit-based admission to the B.Sc. Agriculture program.
The Eligibility for BSc Agriculture Program
The minimum age to join this course is 18 years. There is no upper age limit for the course specification. Students who have cleared their S.S.C program and Intermediate as (10+2) with more than 55 percent marks can apply for this program with the background of science subjects.
BSc. Agriculture Basic Course Details
It is a 4 years long Undergraduate Bachelor Degree program. B.Sc. Agriculture program consists of topics such as- agriculture science, use of modern scientific equipment and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology, etc.
Let us consider real-life example agricultural practices in arid regions of Kutch, Gujarat, India. In this region, rainfall is scarce. Water resources are far too limited in this region. As a result, there was a shortage of water for agricultural activities.
Thanks to agricultural science, farmers in this area now have access to crops that need a lower amount of water. Moreover, thanks to modern irrigation practices, they even have access to an ample amount of water for agricultural activities. This shows how agricultural science can help improve agricultural productivity.
B.Sc. Agriculture Important Subjects
Please note that I have listed only the important subjects so that readers may get a good idea about what the course is like.
Basics of Agronomy, Field Crops (Kharif), Field Crops (Rabi), Crop Production, Weed Management, Irrigation Techniques, Water resource management, Organic Farming, Sustainable agriculture. Apart from theoretical subjects, practical sessions are also involved, in the case of these subjects.
- Plant Genetics
Botany, Basics of Genetics, Plant Breeding, Seed Technology, Basics of Biotechnology, apart from the above mentioned theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving these subjects are also present.
- Soil Science
Introduction to Soil Science, Soil Fertility, Soil Chemistry, Fertilizers, Agricultural Chemistry, apart from the above mentioned theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving the subjects are also present.
Pest Management, Beneficial Insects, Grain Storage and Management, like the above entries, along with theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
- Agricultural Economics
Market prices, Trade prices, Marketing, Finance, Agribusiness Management, Farm Management, along with the theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
- Agriculture Engineering
Agriculture Machinery, Power and Tools, Harvest Technology, Environment Science and Engineering, Renewable Energy, along with the theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
- Agricultural Meteorology
Climate patterns, Climatic hazards on Agriculture, Climatic Zones, Weather forecasting, Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
- Plant Pathology
Crop Diseases, Nematology, Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
Fruit Crops, Medicinal Plants, Aromatic Plants, Flower Production, Spices, Plantation Crops. Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
- Agricultural Extension
Dimensions of Agricultural Extension, Extension Methodologies, Entrepreneurship Development program, Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects is also present.
- Computer Education
- Physical Education
- Animal Products
Those were some very important subjects present in the program. Elective subjects will also be present in the case of certain semesters. Study tours, field trips, experience earning courses, etc are also present in some semesters (varies from one University to another).
B.Sc. Agriculture Eligibility Criteria
10+2 Science stream students with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects, who have passed their board examination from a recognized board, are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria exist, which varies from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCB subjects.
B.Sc. Agriculture Admission Process
In order to secure admission into a good Govt college, you must take part in the relevant agriculture entrance exam. These exams are being carried out at State, College, and National levels each year.
If you want to get into a good college, you must score well in the relevant entrance exam. Reputed institutes rely on the merit-based admission process. Under this system of admission, seats are distributed among deserving candidates on the basis of their performance in the relevant entrance exam.
Some colleges are also known to carry out direct admission process (first come, first serve basis). Some other colleges are known to carry out donation based admission process.
B.Sc. Agriculture Scope, Job Opportunities After Graduation
Lots of Government, as well as Private job opportunities, are present in front of Graduates. Talking about Government jobs, State Agriculture Departments recruits Graduates to fill up Officer level posts. Government Banks also recruits Graduates to fill up Officer level posts (generally dealing with Loans).
Talking about Private Sector jobs, graduates may find jobs as Managers at Plantations, as Officers at Fertilizer Manufacturing firms, Agriculture Machinery Industries, Agricultural Products Marketing firms, Food processing units, etc. The average starting salary is generally between 2-4.5 Lakh Rupees per year.
B.Sc. Agriculture Postgraduate Courses and Higher Education
After completing B.Sc. Agriculture course, graduates will get access to different types of PG courses. PG stands for postgraduate level courses.
M.Sc. Agriculture is the most popular PG course among B.Sc. Agriculture graduates. M.Sc. program is two years long. Apart from that, graduates even have access to different types of PG Diploma and PG Certificate (Agricultural science) programs.
They even have access to management programs such as – MBA, MMS, and PGDM programs. In short, they have access to different types of Master’s and PG level programs.
After completing the relevant M.Sc. course, interested candidates may apply for Ph.D. admission. Ph.D. is a research-based program. It is a Doctoral Degree course. This program will help you build a decent career in the agriculture R&D sector.
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